17 Jun

Rwanda’s Vision 2020 Initiative Uses Cloud-Based Solutions for Change

Rwanda’s Vision 2020 is a government program that was launched in 2000 to transform the country into a knowledge-based, middle-income country. It had long-term goals of reducing poverty, curbing health problems and making the nation united and democratic.


Stage One 

The first stage of the plan involved opening regulatory frameworks and opening the telecom market to more players. In 2002, the country had only two internet providers and a total number of 25,000 users. As of 2014, there are 10 internet service providers and approximately 1.2 million internet users out of a population of 12 million, according to a June 2013 report by Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency.


Stage Two

The second stage (2005–2010) focused on centralizing information storage and introducing cloud computing opportunities. This part of the Vision 2020 plan included embracing world-class technology to improve the economy and increase the number of technical professionals. Because of the infrastructure gap, Rwanda saw a large uptake of cloud services, allowing for faster innovation and more real-time information to be used in a variety of different ways.


Cloud-Based Solutions Used With Vision 2020

The use of cloud-based technologies has enabled new types of programs in the wake of Vision 2020 that either would not have been possible or would have been much more difficult to implement. One example of this is Rwanda’s digital ID program for children, which utilizes Office 365 to provide access to educational materials. By using the Microsoft suite, the government has the tools to work on the development and acquisition of content. The goal of the One Digital ID per Child Program is to give students a unique space where they can access their lessons, homework, reports and other files. The goal is to provide better teaching and facilitate better learning by using technology as an educational tool.

Another example of a cloud-based solution used in Rwanda is the open medical record system OpenMRS, which is an open-source community that has been working together since 2006. It facilitates nationwide tracking of patient data, provides support for nutritional health and allows access to database synchronization tools. Community health workers have another use for OpenMRS as well. By feeding the data to mBuzima, an electronic system that connects urban and rural hospitals, patients can receive specialized treatment services remotely.

Rwanda’s health sector also uses a cloud-based solution called Treatment and Research AIDS Centre (TRAC). TRAC uses the cloud to create a digital database for collecting, storing and disseminating important information about drug distribution and HIV/AIDS patient information. By improving monitoring and reporting, e-health solutions like TRAC and OpenMRS have increased the government’s ability to provide healthcare to its citizens.


For More Information

To read about the progress made since 2000, read the review here. The last installation of the plan (2015–2020) can be viewed here.

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